In most nations there are two levels at which prospective members of defense forces are trained.
The first level at which prospective members of defense forces are trained as the non commissioned officer level. The people who enter at this level are termed as being recruits. Upon graduation, those who are going to the infantry often enter at the rank of private, that being the lowest possible rank. These are the foot soldiers, who execute the orders and strategies formulated by the officers. These can then progress through the ranks, to become senior sergeants, and those who are lucky can even cross over, to the level of warrant officers.
The second level at which prospective members of defense forces are trained is the commissioned officer level. Those who enter at this level are termed as cadets. They are elite officers and they are given elite training that is heavy on matters to do with strategy and leadership. Upon graduation, many of these people join the defense forces as second lieutenants, unless they joined under special arrangements, say as chaplains who, in some nations, may start out as captains or even majors. The people who join as cadets can rise through the ranks, to eventually end up being generals if they are good enough and if they are lucky enough.
Most nations, even the poorest ones, tend to go out of their way to ensure that the members of their defense forces are well paid. We are keen on understanding the main reason as to why nations pay the members of their defense forces well.
The first reason as to why nations pay the members of their defense forces well is to show appreciation for the difficult and risky work done by the members of the defense forces. It is argued that the members of the defense forces are people who, almost literally, put their lives on the line for their countries, and their ‘sacrifice’ therefore has to be appreciated through them being paid as well as possible.
The second reason as to why nations pay the members of their defense forces well is to ensure that the members of the defense forces are satisfied, and thus unlikely to take part in things like coups. This is actually the main reason as to why nations make every effort to pay the members of their defense forces well. Besides being paid well, the members of the defense forces are often given free education for their kids, alongside other things like health benefits. The members of the defense forces are, in turn, supposed to reciprocate, by knowing that their place in the civilized world is in the barracks, not in the palaces!
There are certain things that push nations to limit the sizes of their defense forces. That is against a background where any nation would, naturally, want to have as huge a military as possible, in order to enhance its leverage on the global stage. Yet, notwithstanding this fact, we still have nations opting – or being forced – to limit the sizes of their defense forces. We are trying to understand why.
Firstly, we have nations that are pushed to limit the sizes of their defense forces by financial constraints. Defense forces cost money, and you don’t want a situation where your entire budget is going to defense. This is just the way that there are www.gmail.com storage limitations or Gmail.com message size limitations.
Secondly, we have nations that are pushed to limit the sizes of their defense forces by international oversight. It seems as if there is someone somewhere who looks at the militarization of countries, and where nations that attempt to become too militarized (and hence potentially too powerful) are told to slow down or else… This way, then, certain nations are able to maintain their statuses as the major military powers: because when all is said and done, the world seems to be like a boyhood playing field where there are always bullies who are unapologetic about the fact that they are bullies.
Several fundamental reasons exist, as to why nations maintain defense forces.
The first fundamental reason as to why nations maintain defense forces is simply to protect/defend their people. This is as it should be: in a world where a nation without defense forces is rather exposed.
The second fundamental reason as to (some) nations maintain defense forces is to conquer other nations, and tap those other nations’ resources. Of course, some excuse is given for the attacks, but the real objective is always to plunder the resources.
The third fundamental reason as to why (some) nations maintain defense forces is to hire them out to other nations that require military power, in exchange for money. It is an unfortunate situation where a given nation’s defense forces are hired by another one (typically a stronger one) to fight in a proxy war for it, in order to help it achieve its strategic objectives. Then the leaders of the nation whose defense forces are used in that way are paid, and offered protection against their political opponents, and they become very happy. Meanwhile, the soldiers who are actually send on such proxy missions are not really told what they are fighting for or against, though most are usually bright enough to figure these things out on their own.
Financing the operations of defense forces is not a cheap affair. Huge sums of money have to be spent on military hardware. More money has to be spent on personnel salaries. There are also utilities, like vehicle, tank and plane fuels to be bought, as well as other supplies like special foods for the soldiers and so on. So a question arises, as to how countries get the money to finance their defense forces.
The first way in which countries get the money to finance their defense forces is through taxes.
The second way in which countries get the money to finance their defense forces is through aid. We have situations where countries give others military aid. But this aid is seldom free. Rather, there are indirect ways of paying for it (like where the aided country has to reciprocate by protecting the benefactor country’s interests). This is akin to the Gmail.com model where, in exchange for gaining access to the www.gmail.com features, users are expected to put up with ads. The countries that receive military aid sometimes end up being very vulnerable: to an extent where the benefactor countries can go as far as determining who the leaders of the military aid recipient countries will be.
There are some four factors that determine the quality of any given nation’s defense forces.
Firstly, the quality of any given nation’s defense forces is affected by the quality of people who are recruited into those forces. While the service personnel caliber can accommodate pretty much anybody (so long as he or she is physically fit), the officer cadre needs to be staffed with real thinkers. If you go about taking in cadets who can’t even understand how the Ymail model works, especially with respect to Ymail.com financing and with respect to the technology underlying www.ymail.com, you will be compromising the force. Simply put, the folks who are admitted into cadet programs need to be folks capable of understanding complex ideas and formulating complex models.
Secondly, the quality of a given nation’s defense forces is affected by the quality of training given to the people who are recruited into the said forces.
Thirdly, the quality of a given nation’s defense forces is affected by the quality of military hardware available for use by the said forces.
Fourthly, the quality of a given nation’s defense forces is affected by the nature of organizational structure adopted in the said forces. Better organized, professional military outfits tend to end up being of a higher quality.
Often, we have situations where friendly foreign nations offer each other military aid. It is usually a scenario where a rich or powerful nation offers aid to a poorer, less powerful nation, as for example in the commonly cited case of the US government giving the Egyptian government regular military aid.
Firstly, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of training. Trainers may be sent to the recipient countries. Alternatively, some states offer to train recipient countries in their military academies.
Secondly, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of equipment.
Thirdly, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of intelligence sharing.
Finally, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of cash. This can, however, be controversial. There are some who say that the cash aid is prone to corruption. There are also others who say that the cash hence used could be better spent on programs for the vulnerable like, for instance, in financing purchase of medication for the poor. But then, it is argued that the expenditure on foreign military aid is important, because it helps in things like the protection of trade routes, which ensure that the wealth continues flowing.
It often occurs that the defense forces of a given country are deployed to protect another country. Here, we are talking of a situation where the defense forces of country A venture into country B, not with the objective of attacking country B, but rather, with the objective of protecting country B. in such situations, the ordinary citizens tend to have questions as to what exactly justifies the deployment of the their defense forces to protect foreign countries.
The first justification for deploying the defense forces of a given country to protect another country is in the fact that the other country in question may be facing a humanitarian crisis.
The second justification for deploying the defense forces of a given country to protect another country is in the fact that the other country in question may be of particular strategic objective. So the stronger country offers its defense forces, to protect the weaker country, if the weaker country is of strategic importance. This it does in exchange for certain strategic favors. That is where, for instance, the weaker country that is hence protected offers the stronger country its natural resources, or where it offers the stronger country the chance to create military bases.
If you are a person with a desire to protect your nation, you may be advised to consider joining your nation’s defense forces. And as you will come to learn, there are two levels at which you can join the said defense forces.
The first scenario is where you join the defense forces as a recruit, to graduate into a non commissioned officer.
The second scenario is where you join the defense forces as an officer cadet, to graduate as a commissioned officer. This is preferable, as you automatically get a higher rank, better pay, better education, and ‘elite’ status. Unfortunately, competition for places at the military academies is very stiff, and even if you have the right qualifications, you may still need political connections. This is given the fact that you have to be ‘nominated’ by a congressman or congresswoman, to be enlisted as a cadet.
Whichever level you join the defense forces, the good thing is that you are likely to get solid training that will serve you well for life. You will also be trained on how to deal with authority, so that you are well adjusted, and you never end up having to communicate with the outside world through, say, the Corrlinks prison email that being, specifically, a prison email system whose website address is www.corrlinks.com. The truth of the matter is that most military veterans are model citizens, who hardly ever get into trouble with the law.