There are some four factors that determine the quality of any given nation’s defense forces.
Firstly, the quality of any given nation’s defense forces is affected by the quality of people who are recruited into those forces. While the service personnel caliber can accommodate pretty much anybody (so long as he or she is physically fit), the officer cadre needs to be staffed with real thinkers. If you go about taking in cadets who can’t even understand how the Ymail model works, especially with respect to Ymail.com financing and with respect to the technology underlying www.ymail.com, you will be compromising the force. Simply put, the folks who are admitted into cadet programs need to be folks capable of understanding complex ideas and formulating complex models.
Secondly, the quality of a given nation’s defense forces is affected by the quality of training given to the people who are recruited into the said forces.
Thirdly, the quality of a given nation’s defense forces is affected by the quality of military hardware available for use by the said forces.
Fourthly, the quality of a given nation’s defense forces is affected by the nature of organizational structure adopted in the said forces. Better organized, professional military outfits tend to end up being of a higher quality.
Often, we have situations where friendly foreign nations offer each other military aid. It is usually a scenario where a rich or powerful nation offers aid to a poorer, less powerful nation, as for example in the commonly cited case of the US government giving the Egyptian government regular military aid.
Firstly, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of training. Trainers may be sent to the recipient countries. Alternatively, some states offer to train recipient countries in their military academies.
Secondly, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of equipment.
Thirdly, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of intelligence sharing.
Finally, we have scenarios where the military aid is given in the form of cash. This can, however, be controversial. There are some who say that the cash aid is prone to corruption. There are also others who say that the cash hence used could be better spent on programs for the vulnerable like, for instance, in financing purchase of medication for the poor. But then, it is argued that the expenditure on foreign military aid is important, because it helps in things like the protection of trade routes, which ensure that the wealth continues flowing.
It often occurs that the defense forces of a given country are deployed to protect another country. Here, we are talking of a situation where the defense forces of country A venture into country B, not with the objective of attacking country B, but rather, with the objective of protecting country B. in such situations, the ordinary citizens tend to have questions as to what exactly justifies the deployment of the their defense forces to protect foreign countries.
The first justification for deploying the defense forces of a given country to protect another country is in the fact that the other country in question may be facing a humanitarian crisis.
The second justification for deploying the defense forces of a given country to protect another country is in the fact that the other country in question may be of particular strategic objective. So the stronger country offers its defense forces, to protect the weaker country, if the weaker country is of strategic importance. This it does in exchange for certain strategic favors. That is where, for instance, the weaker country that is hence protected offers the stronger country its natural resources, or where it offers the stronger country the chance to create military bases.