Most nations, even the poorest ones, tend to go out of their way to ensure that the members of their defense forces are well paid. We are keen on understanding the main reason as to why nations pay the members of their defense forces well.
The first reason as to why nations pay the members of their defense forces well is to show appreciation for the difficult and risky work done by the members of the defense forces. It is argued that the members of the defense forces are people who, almost literally, put their lives on the line for their countries, and their ‘sacrifice’ therefore has to be appreciated through them being paid as well as possible.
The second reason as to why nations pay the members of their defense forces well is to ensure that the members of the defense forces are satisfied, and thus unlikely to take part in things like coups. This is actually the main reason as to why nations make every effort to pay the members of their defense forces well. Besides being paid well, the members of the defense forces are often given free education for their kids, alongside other things like health benefits. The members of the defense forces are, in turn, supposed to reciprocate, by knowing that their place in the civilized world is in the barracks, not in the palaces!
There are certain things that push nations to limit the sizes of their defense forces. That is against a background where any nation would, naturally, want to have as huge a military as possible, in order to enhance its leverage on the global stage. Yet, notwithstanding this fact, we still have nations opting – or being forced – to limit the sizes of their defense forces. We are trying to understand why.
Firstly, we have nations that are pushed to limit the sizes of their defense forces by financial constraints. Defense forces cost money, and you don’t want a situation where your entire budget is going to defense. This is just the way that there are www.gmail.com storage limitations or Gmail.com message size limitations.
Secondly, we have nations that are pushed to limit the sizes of their defense forces by international oversight. It seems as if there is someone somewhere who looks at the militarization of countries, and where nations that attempt to become too militarized (and hence potentially too powerful) are told to slow down or else… This way, then, certain nations are able to maintain their statuses as the major military powers: because when all is said and done, the world seems to be like a boyhood playing field where there are always bullies who are unapologetic about the fact that they are bullies.
Several fundamental reasons exist, as to why nations maintain defense forces.
The first fundamental reason as to why nations maintain defense forces is simply to protect/defend their people. This is as it should be: in a world where a nation without defense forces is rather exposed.
The second fundamental reason as to (some) nations maintain defense forces is to conquer other nations, and tap those other nations’ resources. Of course, some excuse is given for the attacks, but the real objective is always to plunder the resources.
The third fundamental reason as to why (some) nations maintain defense forces is to hire them out to other nations that require military power, in exchange for money. It is an unfortunate situation where a given nation’s defense forces are hired by another one (typically a stronger one) to fight in a proxy war for it, in order to help it achieve its strategic objectives. Then the leaders of the nation whose defense forces are used in that way are paid, and offered protection against their political opponents, and they become very happy. Meanwhile, the soldiers who are actually send on such proxy missions are not really told what they are fighting for or against, though most are usually bright enough to figure these things out on their own.